Folic Acid Tablet USP

/Folic Acid Tablet USP
Folic Acid Tablet USP2018-09-06T09:12:40+00:00

Prescription Drug Name:

Folic Acid Tablet USP

ID:

6ea4aa04-8d99-4cdb-8d01-8a80ec995b70

Code:

34391-3

DESCRIPTION


id: e6b985ce-9dc6-4704-9c8b-ab3d883272c2
displayName: Description Section
FDA Article Code: 34089-3

Folic acid, N-[p-[[(2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl) methyl]-amino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid, is a B complex vitamin containing a pteridine moiety linked by a methylene bridge to para-aminobenzoic acid, which is joined by a peptide linkage to glutamic acid. Conjugates of folic acid are present in a wide variety of foods, particularly liver, kidneys, yeast, and leafy green vegetables. Commercially available folic acid is prepared synthetically. Folic acid occurs as a yellow or yellowish-orange crystalline powder and is very slightly soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. Folic acid is readily soluble in dilute solutions of alkali hydroxides and carbonates, and solutions of the drug may be prepared with the aid of sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate, thereby forming the soluble sodium salt of folic acid (sodium folate). Aqueous solutions of folic acid are heat sensitive and rapidly decompose in the presence of light and/or riboflavin; solutions should be stored in a cool place protected from light. The structural formula of folic acid is as follows: C19H19N7O6 M.W. 441.40 Each tablet, for oral administration, contains 1 mg folic acid. Folic Acid Tablets USP 1 mg contain the following inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, sodium starch glycolate and stearic acid

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY


id: fb478f49-ca26-4f3f-b392-4b75cdc37ee6
displayName: Clinical Pharmacology Section
FDA Article Code: 34090-1

Folic acid acts on megaloblastic bone marrow to produce a normoblastic marrow. In man, an exogenous source of folate is required for nucleoprotein synthesis and the maintenance of normal erythropoiesis. Folic acid is the precursor of tetrahydrofolic acid, which is involved as a cofactor for transformylation reactions in the biosynthesis of purines and thymidylates of nucleic acids. Impairment of thymidylate synthesis in patients with folic acid deficiency is thought to account for the defective deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis that leads to megaloblast formation and megaloblastic and macrocytic anemias. Folic acid is absorbed rapidly from the small intestine, primarily from the proximal portion. Naturally occurring conjugated folates are reduced enzymatically to folic acid in the gastrointestinal tract prior to absorption. Folic acid appears in the plasma approximately 15 to 30 minutes after an oral dose; peak levels are generally reached within 1 hour. After intravenous administration, the drug is rapidly cleared from the plasma. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of folic acid are several times greater than serum levels of the drug. Folic acid is metabolized in the liver to 7,8-dihydrofolic acid and eventually to 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid with the aid of reduced diphosphopyridine nucleotide (DPNH) and folate reductases. Tetrahydrofolic acid is linked in the N5 or N10 positions with formyl, hydroxymethyl, methyl, or formimino groups. N5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid is leucovorin. Tetrahydrofolic acid derivatives are distributed to all body tissues but are stored primarily in the liver. Normal serum levels of total folate have been reported to be 5 to 15 ng/mL; normal cerebrospinal fluid levels are approximately 16 to 21 ng/mL. Normal erythrocyte folate levels have been reported to range from 175 to 316 ng/mL. In general, folate serum levels below 5 ng/mL indicate folate deficiency, and levels below 2 ng/mL usually result in megaloblastic anemia. After a single oral dose of 100 mcg of folic acid in a limited number of normal adults, only a trace amount of the drug appeared in the urine. An oral dose of 5 mg in 1 study and a dose of 40 mcg/kg of body weight in another study resulted in approximately 50% of the dose appearing in the urine. After a single oral dose of 15 mg, up to 90% of the dose was recovered in the urine. A majority of the metabolic products appeared in the urine after 6 hours; excretion was generally complete within 24 hours. Small amounts of orally administered folic acid have also been recovered in the feces. Folic acid is also excreted in the milk of lactating mothers.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE


id: 0120e2d6-5cc7-45bb-9e9a-a16baac151bf
displayName: Indications & Usage Section
FDA Article Code: 34067-9

Folic acid is effective in the treatment of megaloblastic anemias due to a deficiency of folic acid (as may be seen in tropical or nontropical sprue) and in anemias of nutritional origin, pregnancy, infancy, or childhood.

CONTRAINDICATIONS


id: f3e847d7-9772-4046-90bc-0eb77a03a0bb
displayName: Contraindications Section
FDA Article Code: 34070-3

Folic acid is contraindicated in patients who have shown previous intolerance to the drug.

WARNINGS


id: 556e38f6-9fcc-4587-bd71-465a308943d5
displayName: Warnings Section
FDA Article Code: 34071-1

Administration of folic acid alone is improper therapy for pernicious anemia and other megaloblastic anemias in which vitamin B12 is deficient.

ADVERSE REACTIONS


id: d3dd09a4-3968-4556-8d03-18268fadff94
displayName: Adverse Reactions Section
FDA Article Code: 34084-4

Allergic sensitization has been reported following both oral and parenteral administration of folic acid. Folic acid is relatively nontoxic in man. Rare instances of allergic responses to folic acid preparations have been reported and have included erythema, skin rash, itching, general malaise, and respiratory difficulty due to bronchospasm. One patient experienced symptoms suggesting anaphylaxis following injection of the drug. Gastrointestinal side effects, including anorexia, nausea, abdominal distention, flatulence, and a bitter or bad taste, have been reported in patients receiving 15 mg folic acid daily for 1 month. Other side effects reported in patients receiving 15 mg daily include altered sleep patterns, difficulty in concentrating, irritability, over activity, excitement, mental depression, confusion, and impaired judgment. Decreased vitamin B12 serum levels may occur in patients receiving prolonged folic acid therapy. In an uncontrolled study, orally administered folic acid was reported to increase the incidence of seizures in some epileptic patients receiving phenobarbital, primidone, or diphenylhydantoin. Another investigator reported decreased diphenylhydantoin serum levels in folate-deficient patients receiving diphenylhydantoin who were treated with 5 mg or 15 mg of folic acid daily.

OVERDOSAGE


id: 3a582b97-90ac-4621-bd2b-dc50bd0d59c7
displayName: Overdosage Section
FDA Article Code: 34088-5

Except during pregnancy and lactation, folic acid should not be given in therapeutic doses greater than 0.4 mg daily until pernicious anemia has been ruled out. Patients with pernicious anemia receiving more than 0.4 mg of folic acid daily who are inadequately treated with vitamin B12 may show reversion of the hematologic parameters to normal, but neurologic manifestations due to vitamin B12 deficiency will progress. Doses of folic acid exceeding the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) should not be included in multivitamin preparations; if therapeutic amounts are necessary, folic acid should be given separately.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION


id: ddebe1e2-b0a8-466b-a7c7-4305c7db650b
displayName: Dosage & Administration Section
FDA Article Code: 34068-7

Oral administration is preferred. Although most patients with malabsorption cannot absorb food folates, they are able to absorb folic acid given orally. Parenteral administration is not advocated but may be necessary in some individuals (e.g., patients receiving parenteral or enteral alimentation). Doses greater than 0.1 mg should not be used unless anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency has been ruled out or is being adequately treated with a cobalamin. Daily doses greater than 1 mg do not enhance the hematologic effect, and most of the excess is excreted unchanged in the urine. The usual therapeutic dosage in adults and children (regardless of age) is up to 1 mg daily. Resistant cases may require larger doses. When clinical symptoms have subsided and the blood picture has become normal, a daily maintenance level should be used, i.e., 0.1 mg for infants and up to 0.3 mg for children under 4 years of age, 0.4 mg for adults and children 4 or more years of age, and 0.8 mg for pregnant and lactating women, but never less than 0.1 mg/day. Patients should be kept under close supervision and adjustment of the maintenance level made if relapse appears imminent. In the presence of alcoholism, hemolytic anemia, anticonvulsant therapy, or chronic infection, the maintenance level may need to be increased.

HOW SUPPLIED


id: 84c6b3ab-0725-4d87-82ed-e26cb2a31d75
displayName: How Supplied Section
FDA Article Code: 34069-5

Repackaged by Aphena Pharma Solutions – TN.
See Repackaging Information for available configurations.
Folic Acid Tablets USP, 1 mg are Light Yellow, Round, biconvex tablets debossed “I” on the left side of the bisect and “G” on the right side of bisect on one side and “210” on other; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 76282-210-01) and 1000 (NDC 76282-210-10). Dispense in a well-closed container with child-resistant closure. Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). [See USP controlled room temperature.] Manufactured by:
InvaGen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Manufactured for:
Exelan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Peachtree City, GA 30269
Rev: 12/11

Repackaging Information


id: 53973295-8582-42b4-80bf-111afda7ad7b
displayName: SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
FDA Article Code: 42229-5

Please reference the How Supplied section listed above for a description of individual tablets or capsules. This drug product has been received by Aphena Pharma – TN in a manufacturer or distributor packaged configuration and repackaged in full compliance with all applicable cGMP regulations. The package configurations available from Aphena are listed below:

Count 1mg
100 43353-824-65
Store between 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). See USP Controlled Room Temperature. Dispense in a tight light-resistant container as defined by USP. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children. Repackaged by:

Cookeville, TN 38506

20130719AW

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 1mg


id: f97725b3-7a4d-4584-831c-e26e0a08ee7d
displayName: PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
FDA Article Code: 51945-4

NDC 43353-824 – Folic Acid 1mg – Rx Only